Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by repeated unexpected panic attack and response to individual attacks. A panic attack is a severe fear and discomfort that usually rises in peaks in ten minutes, but may last for several hours.

Panic Attack Symptoms

The panic attack is associated with the following physiological and cognitive symptoms.
  • Heart palpitations
  •  Sweating    
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feelings of choking
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Nausea or abdominal distress
  • Feeling dizzy, unsteady, light-headed, or faint
  • Chills or heat sensations
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Feelings of unreality or being detached from oneself
  • Fear of losing control or “going crazy”
  • Fear of dying     

Panic disorder is also worried about future attacks (e.g., heart attack, "being crazy") or significantly changes their behavior to avoid panic attacks (such as avoiding strangers). Like other mental disorders, these symptoms can cause significant amounts of grief and weakness in daily  life.

Panic Attack or Heart Attack?

Panic disorder is showing concerns about the consequences of panic attacks. Many people mistakenly panic attacks due to their heart attack due to heart attack. Pain in a cardiac chest (as a heart attack experience) is usually done slowly or by labor when a panic attack is not usually associated with exercise.Exercises with cardiac chest pain can also be carried out by any exercise, but people with panic disorder are not affected by exercise. Cardiac chest pain is related to older age related to panic disorder and much more related to medical conditions.

Panic Attacks versus Panic Disorder

Panic attack only enough to meet criteria for diagnosing panic disorder is not enough. A panic attack can be an anxiety reaction that concerns other than anxiety disorder can occur in diseases or anxiety-provoking situations.

Panic disorder often occurs in the absence of other mental disorders. Panic disorders often have other anxiety disorders, major depression, anxiety disorders, and light alcohol use disorders.The mortality rate of major depression and panic disorder among which has been reported from 10 to 65 percent. Panic disorders also frequently occur frequently with other treatment conditions such as cardiac arterymyia, hyperthyroidism, asthma, chronic respiratory lung disease, and burning stomach syndrome

How Common Is Panic Disorder?

One year prevalence of panic disorder is 2 to 3 percent in the United States and European countries. Asian, African, and Latin American countries have low reproduction rates of 0.1% to 0.8%. Compared to males than men and gender discrimination in adolescence. The average age of panic disorder in the United States is 20-24 years. In the first case, a small percentage occurs in childhood or later in adults.

What Causes Panic Disorder?

The exact cause of panic disorder is unknown. Some genes may provide disadvantages of panic disorder, although the exact genes and processes are unknown. Children with anxiety, depression, and bipolar patients have high rates of panic disorder. The brain model of panic disorder emphasizes brain structure involving anxiety and fear.

Ethnic and Cultural Differences

In the United States, Latinos, African Americans, Caribbean Black, and Asian Americans report lower rates of panic disorder than non-Latino Saudas. Native Americans report highest rates. Asian, African and Latin American countries report lower rates of panic disorder than in the US and European countries.These discriminations can be interpreted in part by the fear of different cultures and the qualities of panic attack. Examples of the culture-specific character related to panic attacks include Truong Geo ("hit by the wind") in Vietnam's culture, etac de nervios ("nerve attack") among Latin Americans, and khaled ("soul damage") among Cambodians.

Treatment of Panic Disorder

Both medicines and psychotherapy can effectively treat panic disorder. Commonly prescribed medicines Anti-anxiety medicines and antidepressants. A combination of medicines and psychology is found to be the most effective.

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